Author: Dominik Phelps

What You Need to Know About Concrete Repair

Concrete repair is not only necessary to maintain a structure’s safety, but also to ensure it continues to meet its design load capacity. Repair and restoration services focus on restoring damaged concrete structures without replacing them, saving money and time.

Concrete Repair

Stains are generally simple to remove using various methods depending on the type of stain (like old oil stains). Bonding agents can be applied directly to the surface. To learn more, visit

A professional will identify the type of crack and its cause and recommend the appropriate concrete repair solution. Concrete cracks can be structural, requiring a foundation replacement or beam repairs, or non-structural such as settling or poorly mixed concrete. The cause of the crack will also determine how the concrete is repaired – for example, a surface crack caused by freeze/thaw cycles will need to be sealed with a flexible sealant, while surface cracks resulting from foot traffic or wear and tear may simply need to be levelled with a trowel.

Hairline cracks in new concrete are normal and a result of the water that was poured into the concrete mix evaporating and leaving voids. These types of cracks do not impact the strength of the concrete and are typically not a cause for concern if they are not widening or extending beyond the edges of a slab. Cracks that are wider or extending further from the edge of a slab are more serious and will need to be addressed as they can act as a passageway for moisture, oxygen and salts that can corrode the reinforcing steel and eventually lead to spalling.

To seal cracks less than 1/8 inch in width, you can use a flexible concrete filler like this from Bluestar. The thin spout on the bottle allows you to carefully squeeze the filler into the crack and then smooth it out with a putty knife for a neat finish. The filler seals the crack once dry, so moisture can’t continue to enlarge the gap and it is flexible enough to give slightly with ground movement or expansion/contraction of the concrete to resist splitting, lifting or cracking.

For larger cracks that could be a hazard to safety or a passageway for moisture, it is a good idea to use an epoxy or polyurethane coating that is strong, durable and can withstand chemical attack. These products can be injected into the crack using an epoxy injection system, which provides an effective and permanent repair. For extensive damage from tree roots, a more comprehensive root barrier or removal may be required.

Structural Damage

Concrete is an incredibly versatile building material, but that doesn’t mean it’s indestructible. When cracks form, the resulting stress can cause structural damage that weakens the entire structure and potentially render it unsafe for use. This type of damage requires an expert in concrete repair to resolve.

Concrete repairs can be undertaken using a variety of techniques, from dry packing to conventional placement. In general, the repair mix should be of similar compressive strength to the existing concrete and should have a low water:cement ratio in order to minimize shrinkage cracking. The addition of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) to the mix is also beneficial, as it reduces the water:cement ratio and improves workability.

In the case of historic concrete structures, like-for-like repair materials are typically preferred in order to maintain the overall fabric and appearance of the original structure. However, this should always be based on an informed decision, as modern ‘concrete repair mortars’ can perform just as well and are more cost-effective in many instances.

The concrete in historic buildings and structures will often have been subject to a number of weathering processes, such as carbonation and sulfation. The results of this can be seen as a slight darkening of the surface of the concrete and these effects can be duplicated through the use of surface treatments, such as live yoghurt or cow dung.

The addition of pre-stressing steel can also help to increase the strength of concrete repairs, especially when they are made to large sections of honeycombing concrete. This method is commonly used to reinforce concrete columns, beams and piers.

During the course of any concrete restoration project, it’s essential that all factors causing cracking are identified and addressed in the repair design. This is so that the underlying causes of the damage are resolved, which will prevent the issues from reoccurring in future. If you’re looking for a concrete repair company that will take the time to thoroughly assess your concrete structure and provide the best repair solution, contact the experts at CMR today. We specialize in the resurfacing and repair of commercial and residential concrete, including demolition and excavation services.

Loose Joints

Concrete expansion joints are designed to expand and contract with temperature changes. Unstable concrete around these expansion joints can be a safety hazard for pedestrians and drivers. Loose expansion joints can also cause concrete damage and need to be repaired by experienced professionals.

Identifying the exact type of concrete damage is the first step in any concrete repair project. Plastic shrinkage cracks, hairline cracks, and spalling of slab edges are common warehouse concrete damage problems that can be caused by a variety of issues. Fortunately, these cracks can be easily repaired with the right products.

To repair concrete expansion joints, remove the old port system and clean the inside of the joint with a stiff brush. Thoroughly flush the joint with water to ensure it is free of debris and contaminants. Wedging activated oakum rope into the concrete expansion joint fills it with a material that can expand and contract without causing damage to the concrete surface. Then, a chemical grout is injected into the port holes. After injection, hand work the activated oakum to achieve a profile that is flush with the face of the joint. The cured chemical grout is a strong sealant that will help prevent water penetration and dirt and debris build up.

Another solution is to use a moisture insensitive epoxy to seal the expansion joints. A product like POLYFLEX works well for both masonry expansion joints and saw cut control joints. It provides a strong seal and resists traffic and weather damage to the deteriorated concrete joints.

If you have concrete damage that is sinking or rocking, it is likely that the soils and subbase are unstable. This is a more serious issue that can lead to structural failure in the concrete structure.

Typically, this problem is the result of poor slab construction or improper usage of the slab and is most often caused by unfilled control joints. These unfilled joints allow hard, wheeled traffic to run over them and eventually chip away or break them apart. A concrete repair contractor should inspect the slab and subbase to determine what the underlying cause of this issue is and recommend the appropriate solution.


Sealants help concrete resist cracks, spalling, deterioration, weathering and water penetration. They’re often used to protect concrete sidewalks, walls and floors in homes and businesses. When gaps in concrete occur, it can create tripping hazards for your family and guests, and they can even damage your car tires by causing them to wear down. Concrete sealants keep your family safe by filling in these unsightly gaps and preventing them from becoming worse.

Concrete sealants come in a variety of forms and formulas. They can be water-based or solvent-based and may require prepping the surface before application. Some sealers are able to penetrate the concrete surface while others form a coating over the top of the concrete. For the best results, choose a water-based product as it will leave less of a film on the concrete and be more easily removed for recoating in the future.

Penetrating sealants are the most common and affordable concrete repair products. They absorb into the concrete and react with the chemicals to stabilize and protect the concrete. This type of sealant does not change the appearance of the concrete and only requires reapplication every few years.

For joints that move, gray butyl caulk is a good choice because it can accommodate the cyclic movement of construction materials and prevent leaks and failures. It’s available at most big box stores and is easy to apply if you follow the instructions carefully.

How to Choose the Right Roofing Materials

The roof is a major part of the building envelope. It provides protection against rain, snow, sunlight, and extremes of temperature.


It may be constructed from a variety of materials. Typical modern Roofing are metals, such as galvanized steel or standing seam. Wood roofs, such as cedar (popular in Cape Cod cottages and Craftsman-style houses) or redwood, have a natural look but can deteriorate quickly in wet climates.

The roof is one of the most important parts of a building. It protects the structure from various weather conditions and is a key factor in determining the health and longevity of the construction. It is therefore crucial to choose the right roofing materials for the job. Not only does this ensure that the structure will be durable and long-lasting, but it also helps protect the occupants of the building from heat, cold and moisture damage.

The type of roofing material to use depends on the climate in your area. For example, a roof that will be exposed to a lot of rainfall will need to be built from a waterproof material like slate or clay tiles. Similarly, a roof that is in an area with high humidity levels or frequent storms will need to have a sloping roof so that rainwater and snow can easily drain away.

Lastly, it’s worth considering the insulation of your roofing system. A well-insulated roof will help prevent overheating and reduce your energy costs by reducing the amount of energy required to keep your home or business warm in winter and cool in summer. A professional can recommend the best type of insulation for your home or business and install it correctly to avoid any leaks or gaps.

Finally, the monetary cost of each roofing material should be considered. In the short term, more expensive roofing materials may appear more costly than cheaper alternatives; however, they are often less likely to need replacement or repair and will last longer. Also, a durable roof that requires little maintenance can save you money in the long run by reducing your energy costs and preventing any water damage that could lead to mold or mildew.


The roof underlayment is a very important part of the entire roofing system. It sits right on top of the decking and works as a redundancy in case the outer layer becomes punctured or damaged. It’s also a key to ensuring your roofing will last as long as possible.

Underlayment materials are usually either felt or synthetic, and both can be used with a variety of roofing systems. Felt underlayment is what most homeowners are familiar with, and it’s been in use for years beneath asphalt shingles. Synthetic underlayments are newer and offer a few advantages over felt when it comes to working with the roof.

Felt underlayment can be made from either recycled paper or organic cotton. It’s thicker than synthetic underlayments and is often a good choice for homeowners who have a limited budget. However, it can be difficult to work with, especially during installation. It’s prone to tearing and it can be easily wrinkled, so roofers must take extra care in its placement. Felt also tends to soak up moisture, so it needs to be replaced quickly after installation.

The primary function of underlayment is to prevent moisture damage and protect the underlying subfloor from moisture and other environmental factors. It’s also designed to provide a slight buffer between the flooring material and any roughness or imperfections in the subfloor. This is particularly useful for older homes, where the floor may be constructed with boards instead of OSB or plywood sheets.

Foam underlayments are ideal for a variety of flooring types and can help to reduce noise, increase insulation, and create a barrier between the subfloor and flooring material. It’s also environmentally friendly and provides a little cushion, which is great for people who spend a lot of time on the floor.

Cork underlayment is another popular option and can be used with floating or glue-down installations. It’s soft, which helps to absorb sound, and it is naturally mold resistant. Cork is also eco-friendly and often receives green building certifications. However, it doesn’t create a moisture barrier and may need to be paired with a vapor or water barrier.


Flashing is a thin sheet of metal that’s bent into place around a joint in your roof. It’s especially important in places where water might leak into your house, such as where a wall meets the roof, or the low points of the roof (also called valleys) where two slopes meet. It’s also crucial around roof protrusions like chimneys, skylights and vents.

Most serious roofing projects include some form of flashing. It’s a good idea to hire a professional for the job, since incorrect installation could lead to leaks and other problems. Flashing is usually made of aluminum or galvanized steel, though copper and lead are sometimes used as well.

When installing flashing, it’s critical to ensure the material can expand and contract with temperature changes. If the material is too rigid, it may crack or break when the roof expands and contracts, allowing water to leak in. Flashing is generally installed between the underlayment and the shingles, but it can be placed on top of the roof panels as well in some cases.

Different types of flashing are used for different purposes. There are a few main categories:

Step flashing is one of the most common types of flashing, and it’s the type you’ll find around chimneys and other roof penetrations. It consists of rectangular pieces of flashing bent into an L-shape, with the base of each L secured to the brick wall and the top secured to the roof. This lining creates a watertight barrier at the point where the wall and roof meet.

Other types of flashing are available for use in various areas of the roof, including in roof valleys and around dormers. Some are long sheets of flashing that are shaped to fit the valley, with shingles covering it for a water-tight seal. Others are small flashing squares that can be bent to line a joint.

There are other types of flashing, too, such as lead and polyvinyl chloride (PVC), but aluminum is typically the most popular because it’s cheap and easy to work with. It’s also relatively durable, and it doesn’t rust or develop other forms of corrosion as easily as some other metals can.


Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing material for residential structures in the United States. They come in multiple styles, including traditional three-tab shingles and multilayered architectural laminated shingles. While architectural laminated shingles cost more than 3-tab shingles right out the gate, they can save homeowners money in the long run because of their durability and longevity.

When evaluating different roof materials for your home, it’s important to consider your climate. For example, the Atlanta area experiences a wide range of weather conditions, from powerful thunderstorms with damaging winds and large hail to winter storms complete with snow, sleet, freezing rain, and strong winds. You want your new shingle roof to be able to stand up to these extremes.

Look for impact rated shingles, which are specifically designed to resist damage from wind-driven hail. This will help reduce your risk of costly roof repairs over time, and it can protect your home’s interior as well as its contents.

The shingles virus travels in nerve fibers, which is why shingles often appear as a band of painful blisters on one side of the body. While the blisters scab over in 7 to 10 days, some people experience persistent pain for several days after the rash appears. This is called postherpetic neuralgia, and it happens when damaged nerve fibers send confusing and exaggerated messages of pain from your skin to your brain.

While it’s rare, shingles can cause permanent scarring. This can affect a person’s quality of life, making it difficult to go outside, hold a job, or even walk. Shingles can also lead to eye infections, which may lead to blindness in severe cases.

Choosing the correct roofing shingles can make your home look more appealing, as well as protect it from potential problems. For this reason, it’s important to evaluate your options and discuss them with the roofing professionals you choose. They can help you find the best solution for your home and budget. The more prepared you are for your roof installation, the less stressful it will be. This way, you can spend more time with your family and focus on work without having to worry about repairing or replacing your roof.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Building a Log Homeu

Building a log home is a dream come true for many people. However, it’s important to enter into the venture with your eyes wide open. Some major concerns with log homes are: settling, water damage and rotting and pest infestation. Luckily, most of these issues are easy to catch and address early by professionals at

Log Homes


Log homes offer an eco-friendly option because they use natural materials. Many are also energy efficient, helping to lower the owner’s utility bills and reducing their carbon footprint. In addition, fewer paint chemicals are used to finish the home, which is better for your health and the environment.

Many of the other building materials that go into a log home are eco-friendly as well. They are often made of recycled wood, for example. They may also be made of other renewable materials, such as fiberglass and cork. Many are also pre-fabricated in kits that can be shipped to a construction site and assembled in a fraction of the time it takes to build a traditional framed house.

When it comes to the logs that make up a log home, modern builders make sure they are harvested from sustainable forests. They also make sure the logs are treated for moisture resistance, which helps to prevent rot and insect infestation. This moisture control system includes using waterproofed, fungicide-treated wood, as well as generous roof overhangs and drainage systems. Proper staining, reapplied every few years, can further protect the wood from damage and prevent moisture problems in a log home.

A log home can be finished in a variety of ways, from the traditional rustic look to a more modern style with drywall or other sidings. Some even include windows and doors that are hand-carved with animals or scenery to create a unique look. While the choice of finishing touches is a personal one, most people who live in log homes agree that it adds to their appeal.

As more and more people become environmentally-conscious, log homes have grown in popularity. In addition to using green building techniques, log home owners can make small changes in their daily routine that can help save energy and money. For example, they can collect rain water to use in the home for washing and bathing. This water is cleaner than tap water and it doesn’t contain any toxins, pesticides or other chemicals.

Some of the most important things that a homeowner can do to make their log home eco-friendly is to have it regularly inspected by professionals who have experience with this type of building. A good home inspector can identify and recommend solutions to a wide range of issues. Oftentimes, these are minor and inexpensive to fix but they can contribute significantly to the overall energy efficiency of a log home. They can also help to protect the value of the home, and avoid expensive repairs down the road.


Log homes last much longer than traditional homes made with stick-built construction. The wood is a natural insulator, keeping interiors cool in summer and warm in winter. Logs are also very strong and resist damage from severe weather, such as high winds and snowstorms.

As home buyers become more environmentally-conscious, many are opting for log homes made with sustainable fir or spruce. This allows builders to provide the aesthetics and functionality of a log cabin without cutting down large numbers of trees. This means that the remaining forests can be protected and the earth will stay healthy for the future.

However, the longevity of a log home will depend on its care and maintenance. Regular inspections are key to maintaining the integrity of a log home, and the inspection should be done by a certified professional. This person should have experience in examining and assessing log structures, as well as the unique properties of different types of timber.

For example, it is important to check that the chinking (the sealant between logs) is in good condition. If the chinking is cracked, missing chunks or leaking, it will need to be re-applied. The caulking around windows and doors should also be inspected to make sure that it is not worn or torn.

It is also a good idea to inspect the foundation of the log home. If the logs are not properly anchored to the concrete or steel, they will eventually shift and settle. This will transfer the weight of the log walls to the partition walls, which are usually framed conventionally and are not designed to bear this load. This can cause expensive repairs.

A new log home will receive a certificate of occupancy from local building inspectors, but these inspectors are not trained in evaluating the unique properties of a log structure. A certified professional who is experienced in examining log homes can help to identify potential problems that may not have been apparent when the house was built. These can include settling, leaks and insect infestations. In addition, a qualified home inspector can offer tips and recommendations for dealing with these issues.

Easy to See Damage

Many log home maintenance tasks are identical to those homeowners should perform on conventional homes, such as ensuring that gutters are clean and that the roof is sound. However, there are some specific tasks that should be performed on a regular basis that are unique to log homes. These include cleaning the exterior of the home twice a year and inspecting the condition of the logs. This includes checking for mildew, white powder and signs of insect infestation (carpenter bees, ants or termites).

Logs are vulnerable to wood-eating insects such as carpenter bees and ants, and pest damage is not covered by homeowner’s insurance. In addition, the logs themselves are susceptible to water damage and mold. This can be very costly to repair and may require a full restoration. Therefore, a home inspection by a certified log home inspector is a great idea before buying a log home.

Major rot problems are common in log homes, especially older ones. This is because the logs are constantly exposed to moisture. This can lead to the deterioration of the logs, and it is often caused by leaky gutters, poorly installed base flashing or splashing water from sidewalks or gardens located too close to the log walls.

While rot is not a problem in newer log homes, it is an issue in older ones that have been neglected. If not treated and corrected promptly, it can cause serious structural problems and damage to the home. This is because the rot can cause gaps between the logs, which will allow moisture to enter and damage the interior.

Many people who purchase log homes are not aware of the extra maintenance required for them. This is because most do-it-yourselfers use a power washer to clean their logs and do not know that this can actually cause the wood to dry out and shrink. Using a power washer can also erode the protective sealant that keeps moisture out. Instead, log home owners should choose a high quality oil stain that is applied according to the manufacturer’s directions and maintain a regular maintenance schedule to prevent rot and water damage.


Log homes have a distinct advantage over stick-built homes when it comes to bug infestation. Because logs are harder to penetrate than drywall or other materials, they tend to repel insects. However, this does not mean that a bug-free home is guaranteed. In fact, if the logs are not prepared and treated appropriately prior to construction and throughout the time of ownership, bugs will eventually find their way into your cabin.

Pests such as carpenter ants, wood-boring bees and termites are more likely to invade log cabins than other types of houses. The problem is that the insects are searching for food and are attracted to soft wood, which provides a buffet for them. Infestations can be prevented by maintaining the proper moisture levels in your cabin. Using borate treatments before and during construction will help keep the logs from being attacked by pests. Additionally, a fungicide treatment will help to prevent fungal decay that could lead to rot and mold in the logs.

In addition to preventing moisture problems, avoiding ground contact between the logs and soil is also key to protecting your logs from bug infestation. The best way to do this is to install a foundation that is at least 8” from the ground and is made out of concrete. Spreading a barrier of termite sand around the outside of your log home will also deter these pests as they cannot dig through concrete.

Another key step is to maintain your log cabin’s chinking and staining. A good chinking should form a seal between the logs, and the stain will protect from sun damage. This is a must since UV Rays break down the outer surface of the wood and can cause rot, mold, fungus, and insect infestation.

Finally, it is important to regularly check your cabin for bugs and other problems. Make sure to look in the crevices and cracks for signs of bugs or critters such as a white powder or droppings. Also, be sure to check for sagging rooflines and the foundation for signs of bugs or water leakage. Preventing bugs from invading your home is much less expensive and invasive than dealing with the problem after it becomes an issue.