How to Choose the Right Roofing Materials

The roof is a major part of the building envelope. It provides protection against rain, snow, sunlight, and extremes of temperature.


It may be constructed from a variety of materials. Typical modern Roofing are metals, such as galvanized steel or standing seam. Wood roofs, such as cedar (popular in Cape Cod cottages and Craftsman-style houses) or redwood, have a natural look but can deteriorate quickly in wet climates.

The roof is one of the most important parts of a building. It protects the structure from various weather conditions and is a key factor in determining the health and longevity of the construction. It is therefore crucial to choose the right roofing materials for the job. Not only does this ensure that the structure will be durable and long-lasting, but it also helps protect the occupants of the building from heat, cold and moisture damage.

The type of roofing material to use depends on the climate in your area. For example, a roof that will be exposed to a lot of rainfall will need to be built from a waterproof material like slate or clay tiles. Similarly, a roof that is in an area with high humidity levels or frequent storms will need to have a sloping roof so that rainwater and snow can easily drain away.

Lastly, it’s worth considering the insulation of your roofing system. A well-insulated roof will help prevent overheating and reduce your energy costs by reducing the amount of energy required to keep your home or business warm in winter and cool in summer. A professional can recommend the best type of insulation for your home or business and install it correctly to avoid any leaks or gaps.

Finally, the monetary cost of each roofing material should be considered. In the short term, more expensive roofing materials may appear more costly than cheaper alternatives; however, they are often less likely to need replacement or repair and will last longer. Also, a durable roof that requires little maintenance can save you money in the long run by reducing your energy costs and preventing any water damage that could lead to mold or mildew.


The roof underlayment is a very important part of the entire roofing system. It sits right on top of the decking and works as a redundancy in case the outer layer becomes punctured or damaged. It’s also a key to ensuring your roofing will last as long as possible.

Underlayment materials are usually either felt or synthetic, and both can be used with a variety of roofing systems. Felt underlayment is what most homeowners are familiar with, and it’s been in use for years beneath asphalt shingles. Synthetic underlayments are newer and offer a few advantages over felt when it comes to working with the roof.

Felt underlayment can be made from either recycled paper or organic cotton. It’s thicker than synthetic underlayments and is often a good choice for homeowners who have a limited budget. However, it can be difficult to work with, especially during installation. It’s prone to tearing and it can be easily wrinkled, so roofers must take extra care in its placement. Felt also tends to soak up moisture, so it needs to be replaced quickly after installation.

The primary function of underlayment is to prevent moisture damage and protect the underlying subfloor from moisture and other environmental factors. It’s also designed to provide a slight buffer between the flooring material and any roughness or imperfections in the subfloor. This is particularly useful for older homes, where the floor may be constructed with boards instead of OSB or plywood sheets.

Foam underlayments are ideal for a variety of flooring types and can help to reduce noise, increase insulation, and create a barrier between the subfloor and flooring material. It’s also environmentally friendly and provides a little cushion, which is great for people who spend a lot of time on the floor.

Cork underlayment is another popular option and can be used with floating or glue-down installations. It’s soft, which helps to absorb sound, and it is naturally mold resistant. Cork is also eco-friendly and often receives green building certifications. However, it doesn’t create a moisture barrier and may need to be paired with a vapor or water barrier.


Flashing is a thin sheet of metal that’s bent into place around a joint in your roof. It’s especially important in places where water might leak into your house, such as where a wall meets the roof, or the low points of the roof (also called valleys) where two slopes meet. It’s also crucial around roof protrusions like chimneys, skylights and vents.

Most serious roofing projects include some form of flashing. It’s a good idea to hire a professional for the job, since incorrect installation could lead to leaks and other problems. Flashing is usually made of aluminum or galvanized steel, though copper and lead are sometimes used as well.

When installing flashing, it’s critical to ensure the material can expand and contract with temperature changes. If the material is too rigid, it may crack or break when the roof expands and contracts, allowing water to leak in. Flashing is generally installed between the underlayment and the shingles, but it can be placed on top of the roof panels as well in some cases.

Different types of flashing are used for different purposes. There are a few main categories:

Step flashing is one of the most common types of flashing, and it’s the type you’ll find around chimneys and other roof penetrations. It consists of rectangular pieces of flashing bent into an L-shape, with the base of each L secured to the brick wall and the top secured to the roof. This lining creates a watertight barrier at the point where the wall and roof meet.

Other types of flashing are available for use in various areas of the roof, including in roof valleys and around dormers. Some are long sheets of flashing that are shaped to fit the valley, with shingles covering it for a water-tight seal. Others are small flashing squares that can be bent to line a joint.

There are other types of flashing, too, such as lead and polyvinyl chloride (PVC), but aluminum is typically the most popular because it’s cheap and easy to work with. It’s also relatively durable, and it doesn’t rust or develop other forms of corrosion as easily as some other metals can.


Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing material for residential structures in the United States. They come in multiple styles, including traditional three-tab shingles and multilayered architectural laminated shingles. While architectural laminated shingles cost more than 3-tab shingles right out the gate, they can save homeowners money in the long run because of their durability and longevity.

When evaluating different roof materials for your home, it’s important to consider your climate. For example, the Atlanta area experiences a wide range of weather conditions, from powerful thunderstorms with damaging winds and large hail to winter storms complete with snow, sleet, freezing rain, and strong winds. You want your new shingle roof to be able to stand up to these extremes.

Look for impact rated shingles, which are specifically designed to resist damage from wind-driven hail. This will help reduce your risk of costly roof repairs over time, and it can protect your home’s interior as well as its contents.

The shingles virus travels in nerve fibers, which is why shingles often appear as a band of painful blisters on one side of the body. While the blisters scab over in 7 to 10 days, some people experience persistent pain for several days after the rash appears. This is called postherpetic neuralgia, and it happens when damaged nerve fibers send confusing and exaggerated messages of pain from your skin to your brain.

While it’s rare, shingles can cause permanent scarring. This can affect a person’s quality of life, making it difficult to go outside, hold a job, or even walk. Shingles can also lead to eye infections, which may lead to blindness in severe cases.

Choosing the correct roofing shingles can make your home look more appealing, as well as protect it from potential problems. For this reason, it’s important to evaluate your options and discuss them with the roofing professionals you choose. They can help you find the best solution for your home and budget. The more prepared you are for your roof installation, the less stressful it will be. This way, you can spend more time with your family and focus on work without having to worry about repairing or replacing your roof.