Author: Lukas Daugherty

Masonry Contractors

Masonry Contractors Nassau County work with a variety of materials. They also know how to deal with a changing urban construction landscape.

Masonry construction is also relatively easy to maintain. Brick homes, for example, tend to increase resale values. Proper maintenance can prevent small problems from turning into major issues. It can also prevent further damage to the structure.

Masonry projects require a high degree of expertise and experience to complete. Whether you’re looking to install a new patio, fireplace, or retaining wall, a masonry contractor can help you create an attractive and functional outdoor space that will increase the value of your property. Unlike general contractors, masons have a specialized knowledge of different building materials and how to use them effectively. This allows them to work more efficiently, saving you time and resources. Additionally, masonry professionals can ensure that your construction project meets industry standards and safety regulations.

Masons specialize in working with different types of materials including brick, stone and concrete. They also have a keen understanding of how each material behaves in various settings and architecture. They are therefore able to offer advice and recommendations tailored to your specific needs.

Another advantage of hiring a mason is that they will help you save money by offering a competitive pricing structure for materials. They also have deep connections within the construction industry and can negotiate better prices for supplies than you would be able to achieve on your own. This can result in substantial savings.

Moreover, a mason can help you identify the signs of damage to brick, stone or concrete and perform repairs before the problem worsens. For example, if you notice that the mortar connecting a brick has begun to crumble, this is a sign of serious structural damage and needs immediate attention. It’s crucial to call in a mason to avoid further damage and expensive repairs.

Finally, masons are experienced in handling different types of masonry projects and can provide you with an accurate cost estimate upfront. They will consider all the necessary factors like labor, equipment, and materials to give you a realistic budget. They also stay current on price fluctuations and trends to ensure that they are giving you the most accurate estimates possible. This helps to avoid costly surprises down the line and provides peace of mind that you are spending your money wisely. In addition, masons can also help you streamline the process to keep it on track and on budget.

They Help You Avoid Mistakes

A lot of people try to handle masonry repair themselves, but it’s best left to the professionals. This is because it’s often very difficult to do correctly, and you will most likely need a few different tools in order to complete the job. This can end up costing you a good amount of money, as well as the fact that if you make a mistake it could result in further damage to your property.

Masonry contractors have the expertise and knowledge to avoid mistakes while doing their job, and this can save you a great deal of money in the long run. They can also ensure that the work is done properly from start to finish, which is extremely important.

There are many factors that go into deciding which commercial masonry contractor to hire. You should look at their website, client reviews, and even ask them some questions before making a decision. It’s also important to choose a contractor that has experience working with the type of material you need for your project.

One of the biggest mistakes beginner masonry contractors often make is using the wrong tools for the job. This is because all concrete may look the same, but there are a lot of differences. For example, concrete that builders pour for driveways has a much softer makeup than concrete that’s poured as a foundation for a building.

Another common mistake is not inspecting the site before starting any work. This can lead to problems down the line, especially if underground utilities are present. It’s important to check that the masonry contractor has checked for these before commencing any work, and you should also ask them what their process is for checking.

A reputable masonry contractor will be in constant contact with their clients, and they’ll update them on the progress of the project. In addition, they’ll always be on hand to answer any questions you might have. This is the best way to prevent any mistakes that can end up costing you a lot of money in the long run.

They Help You Save Time

Masonry contractors have extensive experience and are able to work efficiently, saving both time and resources. They can also provide accurate estimates for labor and materials. They are familiar with industry pricing trends and fluctuations and will take these into account when preparing an estimate for you. This will help you budget your project accurately and ensure that you receive the best possible outcome.

Masons are skilled artisans that specialize in working with bricks, stones and concrete. They can use their skills to create beautiful outdoor spaces that are both functional and elegant. These outdoor spaces can add value to a home and increase its curb appeal. They can also help to create a comfortable and welcoming environment for visitors.

When hiring a masonry contractor, make sure that they are licensed and insured. This will help you avoid any issues if something goes wrong during the construction process. It’s also important to find out what types of insurance coverage they have, including worker’s compensation and general liability. This will give you peace of mind that you’re working with a reputable and responsible company.

Many people try DIY masonry projects but quickly regret it. Masonry is not a job for novices and should always be left to the professionals. This will not only save you money but will also ensure that your project is completed properly the first time around.

One common mistake that DIYers make is using the incorrect type of cement, stone or brick for their project. This can lead to premature cracking and other damage to the structure. A masonry professional will know what type of concrete to use and how to install it correctly so that it lasts for decades.

Another thing that a masonry professional will do is inspect their work for problems. They will look for cracked or browed bricks, for example. If a brick is browed, it can cause the surrounding bricks to be damaged, so it’s essential that this problem is addressed early on. A masonry professional will be able to seal the cracks and prevent water from getting into the walls, which can lead to further damage and costly repairs.

They Help You Avoid Damage

Masonry contractors work on construction projects that involve stone, brick, and concrete. They can install and repair these structures, including chimneys, walls, and buildings. These professionals also make outdoor spaces such as patios, walkways, and driveways look more attractive. They may also help you create a fire pit that adds warmth and charm to your backyard or garden.

One of the main jobs of a masonry contractor is to ensure that all materials used are safe for workers and visitors. They use safety tools such as air masks to protect their lungs from dust, mud, and other particles that can be harmful to them. In addition, masonry contractors are responsible for completing job hazard analyses to identify potential dangers and develop strategies to avoid them.

A well-maintained masonry structure can last for decades, adding to the curb appeal and resale value of your home. Keeping up with your masonry needs can help prevent structural damage or other problems, such as leaking water. If you notice any signs of damage, contact a masonry contractor right away to avoid further issues.

If you’re planning to renovate or build a commercial property, it’s important to understand the differences between a masonry contractor and general contractor. The roles and expertise of these two types of construction experts are quite different, so it’s crucial to understand the differences between them in order to choose the right professional for your project.

When hiring a masonry contractor, you want to be sure they’re licensed and insured. Masonry is a dangerous profession, and it’s important to work with someone who has experience in this field. A qualified mason will have extensive knowledge of different masonry techniques, and they’ll know how to handle any challenges that arise during the course of the project.

Masonry is an extremely versatile process, involving the construction, repair, and restoration of concrete and other building materials such as bricks and stones. These professionals have the skills and equipment necessary to complete any project, large or small. They can also work on a wide range of building materials, from foundations to sidewalks, and they’re familiar with the local codes and regulations that apply to each type of building project.

The Different Levels of Chimney Inspection

Whether you have a fireplace or not, you need to keep your chimney and venting system in good condition. To do so, you must schedule regular maintenance and inspections by a certified chimney sweep.

A thorough chimney inspection should include a visual assessment of the chimney exterior, roof and attic or crawl space. It should also examine the damper, flue interior and fireplace. Contact Chimney Inspection Baltimore now!

When it comes to chimney inspection, there are different levels of service that professional chimney sweeps offer. A level 1 chimney inspection is the most basic type of examination that you can receive. During this examination, a chimney sweep will look at the readily-accessible portions of your fireplace and chimney. They won’t need any specialized tools to do this, usually just a flashlight or screwdriver. During this inspection, they will be looking for basic things like whether your chimney is structurally sound, the presence of combustible deposits, and whether your fireplace has been properly vented.

A level 2 chimney inspection is more in-depth than a level 1. During this examination, a professional chimney sweep will inspect your entire system including the voids inside of your fireplace and chimney, and the portions that protrude from your roof. They will also examine your flue opening and vents to make sure that they are free from combustible deposits, obstructions and blockages. They will also check that your chimney lining is intact, and that it’s installed correctly. In addition to examining the readily-accessible portions of your fireplace, chimney and chimney, they will also look into your attic and crawl space. They may also use a camera to examine parts of your chimney that are normally hidden from view.

The need for a level 2 chimney inspection can be triggered by changes to your chimney or fireplace system, such as the installation of a new fuel source (like switching from wood to gas), the installation of a new lining, or by a change in the condition of your chimney. A level 2 chimney inspection is also required when you’re planning to sell your home.

Occasionally, a level 3 inspection will be needed. This more extensive inspection will involve the removal of components of your chimney or building structure to access concealed areas of the fireplace and chimney. This type of chimney inspection is usually only performed when a level 1 or 2 chimney examination indicates a serious hazard. Less than 1% of inspections require a level 3 chimney evaluation.

Level 2 Inspection

Level 2 chimney inspections involve everything that a Level 1 does but also requires the use of specialized video scanning equipment. Using this piece of equipment allows your chimney sweep to see problems that can’t be easily seen from a visual inspection with a flashlight, pliers or screwdriver. The camera can be inserted into openings in the flue to examine the inner surfaces of the flue and the joints of all of the flue liners that are incorporated into your chimney. Using this equipment does not require the removal of any permanently attached portions of your home’s building structure or chimney and no demolition is necessary in order to gain access.

There are a few reasons why you might need to have this type of chimney inspection done. The most common reason is when there has been a change to the fireplace system, such as changing the fuel source or installing a new insert. This can help identify if changes to the chimney are needed to improve drafting and safety. A level two inspection is also recommended before making any alterations to your chimney or fireplace.

Getting a level two inspection is also a good idea if you are selling your home. Having this inspection completed can ensure that you are not selling your home with hidden errors that may have been overlooked by a standard home inspector or by the previous owner.

Chimney sweeping technicians have the training and experience to find problems that might not be easily discovered by the average home inspector. This can include cracking, chipping or splaying of the chimney bricks as well as any excessive deposits of creosote along the flue walls. Having a level two chimney inspection performed can make sure that you are selling your home with accurate information about the condition of your chimney.

Although a level 2 inspection is the least invasive, it is not without its risks. If a dangerous or potentially dangerous problem is found during this examination, you will need to have a level 3 chimney inspection done in order to properly evaluate the damage and determine the correct steps for repairs. Level 3 inspections involve the most invasive form of chimney inspection, which includes more in-depth incursions into hard to reach areas of your attic and crawl space as well as a full removal of a portion of your chimney.

Level 3 Inspection

Previously, the extent of inspections were left up to the technician’s discretion, but changes were made to code NFPA 211 (Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents and Solid Fuel Burning Appliances) in 2000 that now defines levels of chimney inspection. Basically, these levels give you an idea of how in-depth your chimney sweep’s work will be when inspecting your chimney.

During the level 1 inspection, your chimney sweep will be checking your flue system’s basic components and that there is adequate clearance from combustible materials. They will also look for any visible signs of damage to the structure, brickwork and joints. A video scan may be necessary to examine the inside of your chimney.

The next level, the level 2 inspection, goes a bit more in-depth. A level 2 inspection includes all of the steps involved in a level 1 inspection, plus your chimney sweep will also examine other parts of your home that are close to the chimney, like attics, crawl spaces and basements. The chimney technician will be looking for combustible materials and ensuring that your chimney system has proper clearance from these materials as well.

A level 2 inspection will also be required whenever a change is made to your chimney, including changing the fuel type, making changes to the shape and material of the flue or relining it. You will also need a level two inspection if you are getting ready to sell your home and after an external event such as a hurricane or bad storm.

Unlike the lower level inspections, a level 3 inspection requires invasive procedures such as opening and removing part of your chimney to gain access to areas of the chimney that are concealed from view. A CSIA-certified chimney sweep will only recommend a level 3 inspection when they believe that there is a serious problem or significant damage with your fireplace. It is important to note that if invasive procedures are used, the chimney sweep will take all necessary safety precautions. As you can imagine, this is a very thorough and costly inspection.

Level 4 Inspection

When a fireplace is not being used, it is important to have it inspected to make sure that animals and birds haven’t built nests in the flue pipe and that it is still structurally sound. It is also a good idea to get an inspection when you are preparing to sell your home. This is because potential buyers may be concerned about the condition of the chimney and fireplace and may want to negotiate a lower sale price if problems are discovered.

A level one inspection looks at the readily accessible areas of your chimney and fireplace including the exterior, lining, flue pipes, and fireplace insert installation. The technician will look for the presence of combustible deposits and for damage to the chimney structure, masonry or piping. A chimney sweep will also check the attic or crawl space to ensure that there are no signs of a chimney leak.

In some cases, a more in-depth chimney inspection is required. A level two inspection is more detailed than a level one and involves looking at the entire chimney including components that are not usually visible such as the chimney crown and interior chimney wall. The inspector will take a video camera down into the flue to examine the lining and for signs of deterioration.

This level of inspection is often required when there has been a change in the fireplace’s fuel type, major changes to the shape or dimensions of the chimney or flue pipe, and after certain kinds of outside events such as a hurricane or bad weather conditions. It is also required before the sale of a home and after an appliance malfunction or chimney fire.

A level three inspection is very involved and should only be done when a serious hazard is suspected. It can require the removal of parts of the chimney or home in order for the certified inspector to access hidden areas. It is a rare occurrence and only done when there are serious concerns about the safety of the chimney system. This type of inspection also includes a detailed evaluation of the chimney’s manufacturing quality and a thorough smoke and pressure tests.

Should Your Dock Be Repaired Or Replaced?

Dock Lifts Charleston SC is a valuable asset for property owners on lakes, ponds, and rivers. However, the dock’s exposure to the elements can damage it over time.

Knowing when to repair a dock or replace it can save money or prevent serious injury. Here are some signs that a dock needs repairs or replacement:

Wood and water are not a natural mix, so it’s not uncommon for wooden boat docks to experience mild rot as time passes. If limited to small dock sections, the rot can be sanded down and repaired. However, if the rot is widespread, it’s most likely a sign that the dock is nearing the end of its life and should be replaced.

Docks from pressure-treated wood are generally more rot-resistant than older, untreated wood. Still, rot is not impossible, especially when the weather is warm and humid. This is because rotting occurs when wood absorbs water and loses its structural integrity. This can result in loose boards and weakened dock areas falling apart with the slightest touch.

The best way to prevent wood rot is by protecting it from moisture and keeping it dry. Using kiln-dried and premium-grade lumber is also essential when building a new dock or replacing an existing one.

Metal and water do not mix, so it’s important to check frequently for rust on docks that include metal components like screws or poles. Even galvanized metal is not impervious to rust and corrosion, so it’s critical to monitor the condition of these parts regularly. If any rust appears, it’s usually time for a complete replacement.

Foundation deterioration is the most serious problem to watch for on a dock, as it can cause the entire structure to collapse into the water with very little warning. If you notice that the foundation is cracking or shifting, it’s time to consider replacing your dock, as it is unsafe for any boats to be on.

Even with regular maintenance and inspections, knowing when a dock is at its end of life is hard. Being able to tell the difference between a minor repair and an emergency replacement can save you money and prevent injuries to your family and friends. For this reason, it’s best to contact a professional to inspect your dock regularly and make any necessary repairs as soon as possible.

For millennia, shipyards and docks have been at the mercy of spineless, invisible pests that wreak havoc with wooden infrastructure like termites do on land. These marine wood borers are pill bugs, gribbles, or pholads. They can bore into pilings, stringers, and concrete seawalls at three centimeters per week, damaging structures and costing billions to repair.

Wood-boring insects lay their eggs in wood prone to moisture – such as new lumber, old furniture stored or handled in damp conditions, and rotting or felled trees. The larvae feed on the moisture inside the timber and tunnel into it, often leaving behind an 8mm wide hole in the wood’s surface. Protecting against wood-boring insects is possible by ensuring that timber and wood are dry before using insecticides.

Understanding how these organisms cause wood degradation is crucial to designing effective marine wood protection methods. Understanding the physiology of the boring and feeding process and the digestion pattern of wood-boring organisms is essential in developing effective wood protection systems. In addition, research should be undertaken on the effects of biological factors such as symbiotic bacteria and nitrogen fixation.

During the boring phase of the Teredinidae, the worms scrape and chew the timber’s surface. They also excrete a sticky substance that binds the wood together, allowing them to burrow through it. The worms may also feed on the endosymbiotic bacteria in their gills, which help them digest cellulose.

Although the exact mechanism of the boring and digestion has yet to be well understood, it is clear that wood moisture content influences the occurrence of borers. Similarly, the hardness of the wood significantly impacts the occurrence of wood-boring insects. For example, Limnoria quadripunctata can penetrate soft, rotted wood but not hard, dry wood.

While there is some evidence that chemical cues such as fungi and rotting bark attract wood-boring insects, these factors have a limited effect. For this reason, it’s important to ensure that the wooden surface of a dock is clean and free of organic debris to prevent infestation by these organisms.

The condition of a dock’s foundation can determine whether the dock can be repaired or replaced. Cracks, crooked doors, and bowed walls can indicate a problem with the foundation. Often, these issues are caused by soil movement and hydrostatic pressure. Depending on the severity of the damage, replacing the dock may be more cost-effective than repairs.

A deteriorating dock can be dangerous for people, especially children and pets. If you see any signs of deterioration, call a professional to inspect the dock as soon as possible. Some professionals offer a service where they will visit the pier and look at the pilings, railings, frames, decks, and boat lifts for problems. They will then report on their findings in a written report. This service usually costs between $50 and $100.

If a wooden dock’s beams have begun to rot, they should be replaced immediately. This will ensure that the structure remains stable and safe for people to use. In addition, rotting beams can cause a lot of stress on the dock’s concrete foundation. If the foundation of a dock is too weak, it can collapse and result in significant damage.

Metal docks are prone to corrosion and rusting. If the rust spots are extensive, the dock should be replaced immediately. Moreover, installing a new anchor or piers can improve the foundation’s condition.

Some people choose to repair their dock rather than replace it. The choice depends on the repair’s cost and timeframe, the materials’ quality, and the dock’s location. A new dock can be more expensive than repairing an existing one, but it will last longer and be safer.

Generally, wood docks need regular maintenance and sealing to reduce weather damage. Moreover, they should be maintained regularly to prevent mold and mildew from growing on them—additionally, the metal parts of a dock need to be cleaned periodically.

Some dock repair specialists charge hourly, while others have set fees for certain jobs. Discussing the repair rates with your workers before hiring them is best. Those with a fixed rate are more reliable and likely to complete the job on time.

Pile wrap is a great way to protect your dock from marine organisms and harsh conditions that can damage pilings. It is a flexible, durable, and easy-to-install cover that prevents wood-boring worms, marine growth, and corrosion and extends the lifespan of your dock. It is also a good solution to avoid costly piling repair and replacement due to deterioration. It is a cost-effective alternative to concrete, steel, and vinyl dock pilings, susceptible to rot and decay over time.

Marine organisms such as oysters, barnacles, and worms are a common problem for dock pilings. When left unprotected, these organisms will erode the dock’s foundation and shorten its life span. Pile wrap is a plastic-type material that these organisms cannot penetrate. It also helps to seal cracks in the foundation, extending its life. This product is ideal for all docks, including residential, commercial, and marina.

In the past, a conventional method for protecting new marine piles was to wrap them with a thin black plastic and nail it on. The theory was that the black wrap would cut off oxygen flow to the pile and protect it from rot and marine organisms. However, this method needed to be more airtight and often had problems with marine growth under the wrap. It was also difficult to inspect the condition of the piles below the water line, where marine growth was often concentrated.

The main reason for dock piling failure is natural deterioration over time due to weather and environmental factors. Regular wear and tear from boats bumping or jet skis slamming into the dock is expensive instant damage, but it can also be accumulative damage over time that causes the dock to rust and weaken.

Another big risk factor is the Gulf Coast boring worm, a wood-boring species that can cause severe damage to wood dock pilings. These worms burrow into the bottom of the pile, where they eat, creating cavities that lead to structural failure. Pile wraps act as a physical barrier that prevents the worms from burrowing into the pilings, and some are even infused with chemicals that deter the worms.

What You Need to Know About Roof Repair

Roof Repair Near Me is the process of fixing damaged sections of a roof. Homeowners should regularly inspect their roof for signs of damage like water stains, shingle granules in gutters and sagging.

Roof Repair

Some roof repairs can be done by the homeowner, but homeowners are advised to leave most major repairs to professional roofers. Labor and materials make up the bulk of roof repair costs. Other factors that influence price include roofing material, roof pitch and design, and roof features.

A ridge cap is the point of a roof where the slopes change positions. This area is usually capped with triangular pieces to prevent cracking or leaks that can form underneath the shingles or tiles. It’s also important to keep your ridge cap in good condition because it helps your home resist weather elements like rain, snow, and wind. If your ridge cap gets damaged, you’ll want to have it replaced as soon as possible in order to ensure the rest of your roof is protected properly.

Ridge caps come in a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes to match the overall look and design of your roof or building. They can also add to the value of your property and improve its curb appeal. In addition, a well-maintained ridge cap provides proper ventilation to help control the temperature and moisture levels in the attic or roof cavity, which can be helpful for maintaining the health of your building.

The cost of repairing your ridge cap will depend on how much damage it has suffered and what type of material you choose to replace it with. Generally, it costs $250 to $750 to repair a ridge cap and apply fresh mortar. You can expect to pay more if you decide to use ridge vents along with your new ridge cap.

This is a fairly easy DIY project, provided that you’re comfortable working at heights and using roofing materials. You’ll need to make sure your ladder is positioned in a safe location and that you’re wearing the appropriate safety gear before starting work. Also, make sure you have plenty of cleaning supplies on hand to remove any debris and old cement from the surface before you start removing the ridge cap shingles.

Chimney Flashing

The chimney flashing is a critical part of the roof because it protects the joint where the chimney meets the roof. If it is damaged, water can enter the joint and cause leaks and moisture damage to the chimney and roof structure. It is important to have a professional repair the flashing as soon as possible to avoid serious roofing issues and costly repairs.

Chimney flashing is a metal strip that prevents water from seeping into the roof and chimney structure. It is made of copper, galvanized sheet metal, or terne-coated stainless steel. The material that is chosen depends on the roof material, design, and climate. Copper is considered the ideal flashing because it will last for decades and looks beautiful. However, it is the most expensive option. Galvanized sheet metal is less expensive and does not corrode as quickly as copper. However, it is prone to cracking and can break easily.

Chimney flashing needs to be installed correctly and inspected regularly for signs of leaks. A leaky chimney flashing can lead to water damage to the roof, attic insulation, ceilings, walls, and property within the home. Leaking chimney flashing is almost always caused by a problem with the chimney-to-roof joint. Chimney flashing is designed to respond to expansion and contraction of the roof and chimney, so if it is not properly insulated or sealed, it can develop leaks and allow water into the house.

Replacing the chimney flashing is a difficult job that requires skilled and experienced professionals. The flashing is replaced in stages, and there are many steps involved to ensure a watertight seal. A contractor will remove the existing flashing and shingles, then install new base flashing, step flashing, and counter flashing.

Verge Repair

Roof verges are the outer edges of your roof at gable ends. Traditionally these were fixed with mortar, this stopped living things and water from infiltrating your roof space but, over time, this method is not very durable – thermal movements and the weather can cause the mortar to deteriorate. This leads to moisture ingress, damp walls and the risk of leaks.

Luckily there is a solution, we can repair the verge using our dry verge system which offers a secure and robust alternative to traditional mortar. It costs slightly more than repointing but it’s more than worth the investment – dry verge caps last much longer than masonry and are designed to withstand high-speed winds.

We can also supply and fit fringe tiles which offer a neat and tidy finish to your verge. These tiles are manufactured from clay and can be supplied in a range of colours that match your existing roof tile colour. They are also made from strong materials that protect the verge from water ingress, wind uplift and a variety of environmental damage.

If your verge is in need of repair or you want to update the look of your roof, contact the team at Hall Aspects Of Roofing on 01642 323025 and we can recommend and install the best solution for you. We have access to a wide range of Redland and Marley products so there is sure to be something perfect for your home.

Often it’s not just the roof that needs attention, the guttering may also need replacing. This is an important aspect of any roof as it can cause significant water ingress, damp and mould problems if not properly maintained. We can help with both the repair and replacement of guttering and downpipes.

Roof Valley Repair

Roof valleys are prone to leaks and deterioration from rainwater, debris, snow, and other weather. Located where two descending slopes meet, they require special waterproofing to prevent water or ice from gathering and damaging the structure of the roof.

If left untreated, a leaky roof valley will cause more serious problems for the whole roof and can be very costly to repair. For this reason, we recommend that you take a proactive approach to preventing leaks from your roof valley by carrying out a regular inspection of the area using a tall ladder or binoculars. A regular roof cleaning schedule and lopping off any overhanging tree branches is also a good idea as this will help to maintain the integrity of your roof and prolong its lifespan.

An experienced residential roofing company can provide a range of services to protect the integrity of your roof and reduce the risk of leaks. In many cases, a small amount of roof sealant can be applied to the source of a leak in the roof valley as a temporary measure, although this will only work for a limited period of time. It will be necessary to carry out a full repair, including the removal of all the shingles around the area, replacing the flashing and installing new ice and water shield underlayment and re-shingling.

Depending on the extent of the damage to your roof valley, this may be a relatively simple or complex task. Generally, your roofing contractor will start by inspecting the area and then clearing away any loose or damaged shingle debris. Next, the roofing contractor will cut a piece of sheet metal to fit the valley and then bend it to the shape of the roof and fasten it in place with roof cement.

Rafter Tail Repair

The rafter tail is the end of a wood structural truss that projects beyond the exterior walls. It is often scrolled or detailed and serves as a key support for the soffit overhang. In older construction the rafter tails are exposed, but in newer structures they are boxed in with fascia and soffit materials to protect them from water damage. As they are exposed to the elements rafter tails can experience dry rot that needs to be addressed immediately, especially when it is noticed as soft or spongy wood.

Assuming that the rotting is limited to the last few inches of the rafter tail, the repair can be a relatively easy fix. Begin by prying off the damaged section of fascia board, taking care not to damage any fascia boards that are not rotting. Pull off the soffit material to expose the rotted rafter tail and cut it off with a saw. Cut a piece of 2-by-4 or 2-by-6 pressure treated lumber to twice the length of the rafter tail for a small repair, or three times its length for larger repairs. Drill pilot holes for 3-inch wood screws through the new rafter and into the existing rafters, making sure to drive them into the ends of the joists.