Author: Holly Simpson

The Benefits of HVAC Systems

HVAC Scranton PA systems help regulate temperature and humidity in residential homes, apartment buildings, schools, hospitals, and office buildings. They also provide a range of air quality enhancements.


When shopping for an HVAC system, consider the following factors to ensure optimal performance and reliability: A reputable contractor should offer professional installation. Look for an HVAC system with a strong manufacturer warranty and compliance to industry codes and efficiency standards.

Professional installation services may cost more upfront than DIY options, but they offer numerous benefits that can save homeowners money in the long run. For one, they help ensure that HVAC equipment is properly sized and balanced for maximum efficiency and performance. Incorrectly sized systems will work overtime to heat and cool the home, leading to costly energy bills and shorter lifespans for the equipment. Professionals also know how to correctly install ductwork for optimal performance and comfort.

Professional HVAC technicians are also licensed and insured, which means that they have gone through extensive training and have a great deal of experience working with potentially dangerous materials like refrigerant. This helps them better assess and handle problems during the installation process. They are also familiar with local building codes and requirements, so they can ensure that all HVAC components meet or exceed industry standards.

When it comes to HVAC installation, the last thing you want to do is take a chance on a DIY project. This type of work requires working with electrical wiring, combustible gas lines, and a variety of other hazardous materials. A small mistake can be catastrophic, so you need someone who is trained and qualified to perform the job safely.

In addition, professional installers can often help you find equipment and system that is a good fit for your Helendale, California, home and climate. They will work closely with you to analyze your home and determine your unique comfort needs, then recommend and install a new system that meets or exceeds those requirements. They can also help you qualify for rebates or tax credits to reduce the overall price of your new system.

Another reason to consider professional installation is that it will typically come with a warranty on the equipment and work performed. This can cover the cost of repairs or replacement if something goes wrong after the initial installation. In contrast, DIY installations often void manufacturer warranties, leaving homeowners responsible for any costs associated with malfunctions or errors.

Manufacturer Support

Manufacturers offer warranty support to help with the peace of mind of customers. These warranties are typically for parts and sometimes labor. This type of support is crucial for HVAC systems, as they are more complex than something like a toaster or an automobile and aren’t immune to problems that can occur with regular use.

The most common types of manufacturer warranty for HVAC systems include manufacturer warranty and insurance coverage. The former is designed to cover any defective parts in a system. This is particularly important for high-priced components such as compressors, which are very prone to failure due to their mechanical nature and vulnerability to factors like improper installation and electrical fluctuations.

However, a manufacturer warranty for HVAC does not necessarily include labor costs. In other words, the manufacturer will reimburse for any replacement parts, but the contractor will be responsible for covering the cost of any technician time and expertise needed to fix the problem. This is an important difference that many people don’t realize when they sign up for a manufacturer warranty for their HVAC system.

Other than covering faulty parts, these warranties also typically exclude damage caused by certain circumstances or natural disasters. This is another reason why it’s important to read the fine print when considering a warranty.

When it comes to commercial HVAC, there are a lot of moving parts. HVAC contractors must carefully balance equipment capability and automation with the needs of the environment they serve. They must also keep up with changing energy usage regulations and evolving industry practices.

The best way to protect yourself as a commercial customer is by choosing a trusted, reputable HVAC partner. You can find the right one by checking out the online reputation of your potential provider. Also, be sure to ask about their financing options, as this is an excellent way to boost your business and help your clients afford quality products that last.

A trustworthy commercial HVAC provider will offer financing through their preferred manufacturer partners. This will give your client peace of mind and allow them to upgrade their system sooner rather than later. It will also allow them to save money on their monthly utility bills, improve their employee productivity and reduce operating expenses.


Homeowners insurance does not cover the repair or replacement of HVAC equipment due to wear and tear. Purchasing an HVAC warranty will protect homeowners from the high cost of unexpected breakdowns and malfunctions. Most warranty plans require an annual or monthly fee along with a service fee, but these fees are typically much more manageable than the total cost of repairing or replacing an HVAC system.

When comparing warranties, it is important to review the coverage details. Look for the warranty term, start date and specific parts or models that are covered. Also, read the list of exclusions and the conditions that may void the warranty.

Many warranty companies offer add-ons that can be purchased separately from the standard policy. For example, 2-10 Home Buyers Warranty offers an HVAC add-on that includes unlimited refrigerants and increased coverage limits. These add-ons can increase the value of an HVAC warranty and help homeowners decide if it is worth the extra expense.

Most HVAC manufacturers will offer a limited warranty on their products. These are usually good for a few years, but they don’t cover everything. It is best to find an HVAC contractor that is confident enough in their installation work to offer a labor warranty for a longer period of time.

If a repair is needed, the homeowner will need to contact their warranty company and schedule a technician from their preferred list. The vendor will come out, inspect the equipment and determine if the issue is covered by the warranty. If the issue is not covered, the vendor will then recommend a solution.

The warranty process can take a while because it is often unclear to homeowners what the procedure is and how to get in touch with the right person. The best way to ensure that the claim process is fast and straightforward is to use a service provider who can work directly with the warranty company.

An excellent HVAC repair service will make the claims process a lot easier for their customers, and they can do this by offering a dedicated customer line, 24/7 claim acceptance and access to their own in-house team of service technicians. These are the types of services that can set them apart from their competitors.


Keeping track of HVAC codes and regulations can feel like an endless game of “dot the i’s and cross the t’s,” but it is well worth it. Adhering to code compliance helps ensure a safe working environment and protects occupants, visitors, and property. Additionally, it promotes energy efficiency and minimizes environmental impact.

Having detailed records of HVAC designs, installation, and maintenance are vital to ensuring compliance. This can help identify potential issues early on and address them before they escalate into costly repairs or regulatory violations. Regular inspections and audits are essential to maintaining proper HVAC functioning and minimizing energy waste.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) sets standards for ventilation and air quality that are important to achieving code compliance. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also plays a crucial role in setting ventilation standards for indoor spaces that focus on removing pollutants, allergens, and odors. Lastly, fire safety regulations dictate the placement, spacing, and insulation of equipment to reduce the risk of combustion or smoke inhalation during a fire event.

Aside from the obvious benefits, complying with HVAC codes also helps ensure that a building is in good condition and complies with relevant fire safety regulations. Maintaining the proper spacing and insulation of ductwork helps prevent a fire from spreading and allows firefighters to quickly and safely remove hazardous smoke, fumes, and heat.

Compliance with HVAC codes also enables a building to meet energy efficiency requirements set by government agencies or organizations like the International Code Council and the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers. Energy efficiency is key to reducing a building’s carbon footprint, and it can also be beneficial for its operating costs.

Tenant compliance is an often overlooked aspect of commercial HVAC. Because commercial tenants may cancel vendor contracts or rewrite service schedules, they can fall short of their HVAC obligations. This leaves property teams in a tricky position because, if the underlying infrastructure is not properly maintained, they could face expensive repair bills and fines. To avoid this, it’s best for CRE property teams to establish clear roles and responsibilities with their tenants and to leverage HVAC building management software to share information about units.

The Basics of Excavation

Level Ground Excavation is a crucial part of every construction project. It involves removing dirt and rocks to prepare the site for building.

The excavation process is complex and requires careful planning and execution to ensure the safety of workers. This article will cover the different phases of excavation, including conducting a site survey, developing a detailed plan, and obtaining necessary permits and approvals.


Site surveys are important because they help an archaeologist determine if archaeological remains are in a location. It also helps them decide the best approach to take at the site, whether excavation or other non-disruptive methods of investigation.

Unlike excavation, which is destructive, surveying allows archaeologists to examine a wide-ranging area of land without damaging it. Survey techniques can include magnetic mapping (using a magnetometer) and electrical resistivity mapping (shooting an electrical current through the ground at intervals to measure soil resistance). Both can identify areas with different materials beneath the surface, such as stone or pottery.

Another important aspect of a site survey is locating underground obstructions, such as natural obstacles or sewer lines. This is essential because repairing or replacing these utilities can be very expensive if they are damaged during construction. Contacting your local utility mapping service or calling 811 before beginning any work at a site is best to avoid these issues.

The survey phase also involves walking over the land recording and mapping any artifacts found on the surface. This can reveal patterns in the distribution of sites within a region, such as higher densities in some neighborhoods than others or patterns of occupation and abandonment over time.

Surface survey requires a lot of walking and can be hard on the feet. However, it’s important to remember that archaeology is a long game: while excavation is like a microscope, survey is like a telescope; both are needed for the full picture.

The planning phase of excavation is critical to ensuring the project goes smoothly. This process involves ensuring the construction plans fit the site, obtaining necessary permits, and handling any other logistical issues that may arise during the excavation project.

The first step in this stage is conducting a thorough site survey to determine the location and extent of the excavation. This is usually done through geological and geophysical data, test pits, and fieldwork. This information will be used to prepare the site for the building by determining the type of foundation that needs to be installed, such as a slab, crawl space, or basement.

Depending on the soil conditions, it may also be necessary to make certain preparations before starting excavation. This can include sloping and benching the trench walls or installing protective systems such as shoring to prevent cave-ins during excavation. Drainage and stormwater management must also be addressed to ensure the excavation is not compromised by soil erosion or flood water.

Another important aspect of this stage is clearing the site. This includes removing existing trees, shrubs, structures, and debris from the excavation area. It is also important to mark the boundaries of the excavation with a hard barricade and signs. Establishing parking areas for heavy equipment, worker parking, and a place to store the earth that will be moved during excavation is also a good idea.

Finally, it is a good idea to arrange power during construction and locate underground utility lines that must be avoided. Having these details worked out in advance can save time and money during the project by preventing delays.

Before excavation begins, any necessary preparations must be made. This may include surveying, clearing the site, and removing existing structures on or above ground. It may also involve performing soil testing if needed. This will determine how well the soil can bear the weight of any structure built on it and how well it will absorb moisture.

Additional preparations may be necessary depending on the type of excavation. Rock excavation, for example, requires drilling and blasting to remove large rocks and boulders that would otherwise be too difficult to dig through. Other specialized types of excavation are drainage, which involves creating trenches and canals to redirect water flow, and underground, which consists of excavating tunnels for pipes, utilities, or transportation.

Another important part of this phase is ensuring that the excavation site is protected from damage by securing it with barriers and warning signs. It’s also important to pause any electrical and other potentially hazardous connections near the excavation site. This will prevent accidents and reduce the risk of damage to the surrounding area.

The final step in this phase is preparing the site for actual excavation work by clearing the land, compacting it, and laying the foundation. Utilities such as plumbing and electricity are also installed at this point if necessary.

At this stage, it’s also a good idea to perform regular inspections of the excavation site to ensure everything is progressing as planned and that any issues are quickly addressed. This is particularly crucial for large construction projects, which require significant time and resources to complete. A thorough plan and careful excavation process will help ensure that the project is completed on schedule and within budget.

Before the digging phase of excavation begins, workers should take a moment to prepare the area. For example, they may put up barriers or flags to warn people of the dangers of entering the area. They might also ensure the air is tested for low oxygen and hazardous gasses and vapors. In addition, they might set up corner benchmarks to give them a reference point for the site level. Finally, they might dig up a sample of soil for testing.

The next step is to dig the project’s foundation, which typically involves digging trenches to lay pipes for water, sewage, electrical lines, and more. Workers will use precision equipment to ensure the site is excavated to the right depth and location. Depending on the site, they might even tunnel through solid rock.

If the site is on an unstable slope, a trench must be dug to stabilize it. They might also use this opportunity to install a drainage system. This is often done to reduce the risk of flooding and other construction problems.

Other types of excavation include rock excavation, which removes large rocks from a site. This can be done by hand or with the help of specialized machinery. Earth excavation is another type, which strips layers of dirt away from the ground and can include grading. Shoring is the process of supporting the walls of a trench to prevent collapse or cave-ins. This is especially important for excavation, that involves working in deep holes where it’s easy for the walls to collapse and crush workers. This is why you might see companies using trench boxes, which fit into the trench and prevent them from collapsing on employees.

Once excavation is complete, archaeologists begin post-excavation analysis to process finds and environmental samples. This includes identifying and classifying artifacts, analyzing assemblages, and creating records ready for publication. This phase can be especially time-consuming, but it is necessary to ensure that all findings are properly cataloged. It also allows archaeologists to make any adjustments required for future excavations.

Conventional fieldwork procedures today involve a sequence of sub-projects:

  • Desktop assessment and ground-based evaluation are ideally articulated in an outline deposit model.
  • You are setting a model beside evolving research agendas to define an excavation strategy for data gathering.
  • We are undertaking stratigraphic analysis and the assessment of assemblages, as per MoRPHE, to decide priorities for further specialist analyses.

It can also be complicated because redefining initial interpretations as new archaeological information becomes available needs to readily map onto the fragmented commercial context in which much such work now takes place, with specialist outputs paid for shortly after excavation. This is a major reason why many synthetic publications are hesitant to explore the underlying documentation: a reader may be left feeling that an archaeological site needs to be properly analyzed and interpreted.

The emergence of increasingly accurate dating methodologies also transforms this part of the analytical process. These allow archaeologists to provide a more precise chronology of the artifacts that have been recovered and the archaeological layers that they form a part of. This, in turn, will help them better understand the contexts in which they were found and how they relate to one another.

The Benefits of Green Construction

J&R Construction is a growing segment of the building industry. Going green has several benefits, including energy efficiency and water conservation.


Many trade schools and labor organizations offer training programs for those interested in green construction careers. Some require certification or licensure, which usually involves passing an exam and meeting education, work experience, or training requirements.

Energy efficiency is one of the main benefits of green construction. It reduces a building’s environmental footprint by using renewable or recycled energy sources, minimizing the amount of embodied energy used to extract, process, and install building materials, and reducing the operating energy needed for equipment heating and lighting. It also reduces waste by recycling construction materials and utilizing sustainable technologies during the design and build phases of construction, operation, and maintenance.

Many architects and engineers use various techniques to design energy-efficient buildings cost-effectively. For example, a long, narrow building shape maximizes daylight in interior workspaces while minimizing solar heat gain and glare. Operable windows allow natural ventilation in temperate weather and can be used to reduce air conditioning in warmer climates. Low-emission glass limits interior solar heat gain and glare, while skylights and clerestory windows provide daylight to interior spaces.

Green building practices can further minimize a building’s environmental impact by reducing site impacts, for example, by avoiding unnecessary on-site grading or using alternative materials to replace traditional ones. The location of a building can also minimize its effect, for example, by choosing to locate a new retail store within walking distance of the existing community rather than driving customers to an out-of-town shopping mall.

Currently, the value of green nonresidential building construction is growing rapidly, and this growth will likely continue as green building becomes more widely adopted by developers, lenders, and investors. However, up-front costs for green construction, including design fees and longer construction times, are still higher than those for standard buildings. Eventually, valuation methods that consider these life-cycle costs when assessing the value of green buildings may be developed.

A green construction is a building that uses renewable materials that are environmentally friendly, safe, and healthy. These materials are sourced locally, reduce energy consumption and emissions, and provide on-site renewable energy. In addition, these materials are durable and cost-effective. They are also more aesthetically appealing. These features make green buildings more attractive to tenants and potential buyers and boost a business’s public perception as an environmentally responsible company.

Some of the most popular green construction materials include engineered wood products, bamboo, hempcrete, and recycled-content products. These materials produce less waste and are more energy-efficient than traditional wood-based products. They also support local economies and reduce the environmental impacts of raw material mining.

Another popular green building material is recycled aluminum. This material is highly flexible, has a low carbon footprint, and is easily recycled into new products. In addition, it is lightweight, reducing the transportation burden and making it easier to handle at the construction site.

Finally, bamboo is a versatile green construction material that is naturally insect-resistant and can replace lumber. Its rapid growth rate and regenerative properties make it a sustainable option for commercial and residential construction projects.

Using green building materials reduces the amount of waste produced during construction and provides on-site solutions to reduce waste from occupants. Green construction can also minimize the amount of water and energy used in a building, reducing expenses.

However, it’s important to note that no product is 100 percent eco-friendly. Some manufacturers use “green” as a marketing gesture, and there is no single standard for what constitutes an eco-friendly material.

While the construction industry is a necessary part of modern life, it also significantly impacts the environment. However, new processes are being used to minimize this effect during building and designing buildings that operate sustainably for many years. That is known as green construction.

One of the primary focuses of green construction is to improve indoor air quality (IAQ). That involves using low-VOC emitting building materials, interior components, and paints and implementing strategies for adequate ventilation and air cleaning. Green construction also works to limit outdoor pollutants by regulating HVAC systems and implementing air pollution monitors in construction areas.

According to studies, occupants in green buildings report better IAQ than conventional buildings. Green buildings are more energy efficient, so they use fewer natural resources, which means fewer air pollutants. Additionally, green buildings use fewer chemicals, emitting fewer toxins into the air.

Nevertheless, there are still issues with IAQ in green buildings. In particular, it is important to investigate and remediate mold problems quickly. High humidity, leaks, or floods can cause that. Testing for radon and ensuring that the building meets EPA standards is also essential. GrayWolf meters are a great tool for portable IAQ testing, long-term IAQ trend logging, and continuous monitoring in green buildings. That helps maintain healthy and productive occupants while reducing energy costs. Contact us today for more information about how we can help you improve your IAQ and achieve a healthy building. Jon Schoenfeld is the energy and building technology vice president at Buildings IOT.

Green buildings and homes are not only more energy efficient, but they also often sell for more money at resale. These factors make green construction a smart investment.

Many homebuilders and homeowners opt for green building materials and construction techniques to reduce energy costs. That is because a building constructed with these materials and methods uses less electricity and gas than one that does not, which can save homeowners money on their utility bills.

Many homeowners also opt for green home improvements to increase the resale value of their property. Several studies have shown that homes that are green-certified or built to green standards sell for more than those not, even when comparable properties are located in similar areas.

The value of green construction has increased dramatically over the past few years. Green nonresidential building was valued at $3 billion in 2005. 2010, it was estimated to be worth between $43 billion and $54 billion. This growth is expected to continue as more builders and homeowners recognize the benefits of green construction.

This study’s findings showed that, on average, green homes sold for about an 8% premium above code minimum homes. However, the resale value of green homes could be significantly higher if the right tools are in place to capture this value. These tools include providing a clear definition of green, avoiding self-reporting that can lead to inconsistent standards and “greenwashing,” and making it easier for lenders and financial markets to understand the long-term performance of green buildings and their impact on real estate values.

Buildings are responsible for an enormous share of global greenhouse gas emissions and energy, water, and materials consumption. Green construction seeks to reduce and ultimately eliminate these impacts in new buildings. , these buildings can run on renewable resources more efficiently, create superior indoor air quality, preserve natural habitats, and protect the environment for years to come.

During the design phase of green construction, architects and engineers use computer software to create more environmentally friendly plans than traditional methods. These plans can reduce energy and water waste, prevent contamination of the surrounding area, and limit the amount of chemicals used in construction. The construction crews building green buildings also receive specialized training on minimizing their impact.

Green construction also requires that builders use renewable or recycled materials to lessen the building’s environmental footprint. That includes using straw, sheep’s wool, hemp, and compressed earth blocks to make walls, floors, and ceilings. It also means using solar panels, wind turbines, and geothermal heating to save energy costs and lower carbon emissions.

One big way that green construction affects the environment is through site selection. When selecting a new green building site, the builders try to find areas that can take advantage of natural features, such as proximity to the sun and prevailing winds. Avoiding sites that host endangered animals or eroding watersheds is also important.

Another aspect of green construction is smart growth, a concept that encourages developers to keep building on existing sites rather than sprawling out into new areas. That can help preserve farmland, forests, and natural areas, protect air and water quality, and promote public transit use. It also allows for the creation of parks and other community gathering spaces.